Definition: Allusion

Example: When Mr. Collins selects a book to read to the Bennets, he pulls down James Fordyce’s Sermons to Young Women (47).

This text was published in 1766, about forty years earlier than the novel’s setting, which means the Bennet daughters would have viewed it as antiquated literature of their grandparents’ era. Additionally, the text was in the form of a sermon and thus a favorite of the clergy, so when Lydia interrupts Collins’s reading, she reveals her character as frivolous, worldly, and disrespectful.


Definition: Analogy

Example: when Darcy and Elizabeth converse about how neither are good performers to strangers

Darcy explains that it is difficult for him to talk to strangers because he “cannot catch their tone of conversation, or appear interested in their concerns”, and Elizabeth continues with how she cannot play piano as well as other women can, when it seems that realistically they are unable to “perform” for one another, as they have lacking interest and vague conversations amongst themselves.


Definition: Anecdote

Example: the book uses the word anecdote when Lady Catherine is stating all the mistakes and bad doings of others, and uses it to reflect herself

Lady Catherine is mentioning how three others made various mistakes in their lives, which is an example of an anecdote in the sense that she is serious about her accusations of others, relating it to the right doings of herself.


Definition: Antithesis

Example: George Wickham

All of the actions of Wickham in Pride and Prejudice seem to be an antithesis. Wickham begins by plotting against Darcy to win over Elizabeth, then tries to get revenge on Elizabeth by pursuing her sister, Lydia, while also seeking frustration from Darcy by attempting to pursue his sister, Georgiana. The actions of Wickham, although initially were to lead Darcy and Elizabeth apart, contrast to lead the two together.


Definition: Aphorism

Example: the accepted truth at the time that a woman must be married off to a wealthy man to ensure her wealth is broadcasted through Austen’s novel in several ways including the following quote,

It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife. However little known the feelings or views of such a man may be on his first entering a neighbourhood, this truth is so well fixed in the minds of the surrounding families, that he is considered as the rightful property of some one or other of their daughters.”


Definition: Archetype

Example: There are many examples of archetypes throughout Pride and Prejudice, the most obvious however is Lady Catherine. Lady Catherine is the villain in the novel. Her pride in her class and those similar to (Darcy and Bingley), and prejudice against those below her (The Bennet’s) show that she has negative intentions through the novel.

Lady Catherine’s intentions are shown when she speaks of how she does not approve of Darcy proposing to Elizabeth, or him marrying any of the Bennet daughters for that matter. She is a villain in the sense that she is purposefully sabotaging the happiness of others, specifically the protagonist of the novel (Elizabeth).


Definition: Characterization


“Mr. Bennet was so odd a mixture of quick parts, sarcastic humor, reserve, caprice, that the experience of three and twenty years had been insufficient to make his wife understand his character.” (pg. 4)


Definition: Conflict

Example: In the novel, one of the major conflicts is that the Bennet sisters are all currently in need of husbands. Throughout the novel, each of the ladies much find a husband that will be able to support them financially. Their problems arise in clashes of personalities, competition for a spouse, and their overbearing mother, who tries to pressure them into marrying any man she feels is suitable.


Epistolary is a novel of letters.

Epistolaries help collaborate the reader’s understanding and the author’s information that cannot be revealed.




Definition: Flashback


Definitions: Foreshadowing



The Gutenberg Printing Press brought mechanical printing to the West.

The 1450 style press printed approximately 240 impressions per hour.

The earliest prints were of the Bible, poetry and books of sciences.





Hypertext is non-linear text. It is typically made up of (branching) links and Rhizomatic connections. Definition


Hypertext creates problems by proposing an absence of limitations and the loss of power and control by the author.


Illuminated Codex is not just made up of text, it also includes images, rubrication and border/marginal notes.


The first Illuminated Codex was written by four monks, one who wrote the initial (text), one who wrote the marginalia (notes), one to draw miniature (image) and one to color


Definition: Imagery

Example: When Lady Catherine interrupts the Bennet family to have a discussion with Elizabeth.

“…as he and the females of the family were sitting together in the dressing room their attention was suddenly drawn to the window, by the sound of a carriage; and they perceived a chaise and four driving up the lawn. It was too early in the morning for visitors, and besides, the equipage did not answer to any of that of their neighbours. The horses were post; and neither the carriage, nor the livery of the servant who preceded it, were familiar to them.” (pg. 228)


Definition: Metaphor

Example: Volume 3: Chapter 1 “It was a large, handsome stone building, standing well on rising ground, and backed by a ridge of high woody hills; and in front, a stream of some natural importance was swelled into greater, but without any artificial appearance. Its banks were neither formal nor falsely adorned. Elizabeth was delighted.” Elizabeth uses Pemberley metaphorically to describe Mr. Darcy.


Playing cards originated during the age of Imperial China and date back to approximately the 9th century.  Modern playing cards are made of a thin, plastic covered piece of cardboard. A deck of cards contains a set of 52 cards including face cards; the ace, king, queen, and jack; and ten numerical cards.



Definition: Plot

Example: This is the best plot overview of Jane Austen’s novel Pride and Prejudice.


Definition: Point of View

Example: The story is limited omniscient. The story is told by Elizabeth but not in the first person. Due to this we don’t get the thoughts from any of the other characters so we lack some people’s opinions which would probably change how the text is interpreted.


Remediation is a representation of one medium when it is reproduced within another medium.Definition

Typically, we think of remediation when we refer to analog reproduced as digital.


Scriptoria is the location where priests and monks worked on scripts.

These scripts were typically written in Latin or Greek.

Because space in the scriptoria was limited, it was expensive. Also, time was limited to only daylight as there was no alternative sources of light at the time



Definition: Symbol
Example: Elizabeth constantly being in the outdoors is a symbolism of her freedom. Most females during that time weren’t allowed to roam outdoors. When she was walking in the field in the pouring rain and when she sat on the swing those were some examples of the outdoors being her freedom.